Most common logs files location in linux with cpanel:
1. Apache domain access log location
2. apache conf file location
3. apache error_log location
4. apache global access_log location
5.> Mysql my.ini config file location
6.> mysql log files
7. mysql database default location.
8. General log files
9. Exim log file
10. apache hosts files.
11. nginx conf file.
12. nginx host files
13. General log messages.
14. php.ini file location
If you are looking for any files let me know in the comment box so that i will also include those.